Economy of Dima Hasao District
Though Dima Hasao has a great potential to be a traveler’s favorite place, the economic scenario here is not that encouraging. Three main reasons for the economic backwardness in this district are – the geographical remoteness, poor communication, and poor infrastructure. Now Dima Hasao Autonomous Council is improving the economic scenario, the prospects in Horticulture, Forestry, and Agriculture are bright.
• Agriculture: The rural people in this district in largely dependent on the agriculture. The distinctive feature in the process of agriculture in this district compared to many other places of the country is the Jhum cultivation method. Actually it is considered as a traditional way of the people of this district. This is considered as the shifting cultivation within a cycle. About 70 percent area of total cultivable area in this district is engaged with Jhum cultivation. This form of cultivation is done mainly in the season of autumn. Prime crops cultivated through this method are – Zinger, chilies, vegetables, turmeric, and maize etc.
Various horticultural crops like orange, pineapple, banana and papaya are cultivated here too, which proves very significant for the economy of here.
Winter paddy is also cultivated here, especially in the flat lands of the river valleys. Government and various NGOs are trying hard to boost the agriculture here in these places by various efforts like soil conservation or improved irrigation. Actually, they are trying to make the farmers understand the drawbacks of Jhum cultivation. Most importantly, they are trying to encourage the people of this district in rubber and coffee cultivation, which can earn a huge amount of revenue for the district and state.
• Farming: Poultry and the livestock are considered as an important part of the rural economy of this district. Pigs and buffaloes are considered as the most important livestock animals, whereas duck and hens are the most common poultry birds.
• Forestry: Cane, bamboo, and timber etc. are considered as the major forest products of this district. There are several other minor forest products like Chalmugra or agar etc.
• Industry: Industries are growing gradually in this district. Saw mills and the cement factories are among the primary sector of industries in this district. One can find four cement plants in this district. Kopili Hydel Project by NEEPCO at Umrangso produces the sizable amount of electricity. Weaving is considered as the biggest component of household or small scale industry in this district. One can find Mulbarry and Eri farms here in this district. There is a fruit preservation unit at Jatinga developed by AHIDC
• Minerals: Coals in a small scale and limestone are prime mineral products of this district. They are found in Khorangma to Gorampani. Carbonaceous shale is available in the place called Baga. The quality of limestone, which is important in manufacturing cement, is of very good quality.